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ISO/TC 172 ­ Optics and Photonics Annual Report
2004
Table of Contents
1. SC 1 ­ Fundamental Standards --------------------------------------------------Gene Kohlenberg
2. SC 3 ­ Optical Materials and Components-------------------------------------Gordon Boultbee
3. SC 4 ­ Telescopic Systems -------------------------------------------------------Chung-Chieh Cheng
4. SC 5 ­ Microscopes and Endoscopes -------------------------------------------George Steares
5. SC 6 ­ Surveying Instruments ---------------------------------------------------Charles Fronczek
6. SC 7 ­ Ophthalmic Optics and Instruments------------------------------------Charles Campbell
7. SC 9 ­ Electro-Optical Systems (and Lasers)----------------------------------Robert Faaland
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ISO/TC 172/SC 1, Fundamental Standards, Activity for 2004
SC 1 met in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation April 21 -- 22, 2004. Gene Kohlenberg represented the
United States at these meetings. Other countries represented were France, Germany, Japan, Russian
Federation, and United Kingdom.
The following documents were reconfirmed:
ISO 9039 "Quality evaluation of optical systems ­ Determination of distortion" was
confirmed with a technical correction of one equation in Annex A.
ISO 9358 "Veiling glare of image-forming systems ­ Definitions and methods of
measurement
ISO 9336-1 "Optical transfer function ­ Application ­ Interchangeable lenses for 35 mm still
cameras
ISO 9336-2 "Optical transfer function ­ Application ­ Lenses for office copiers"
ISO 9336-3 "Optical transfer function ­ Application ­ Telescopes" was transferred to ISO/TC 172/SC
4.
ISO 15529 "Principles of measurement of modulation transfer function of sampled imaging
systems" will be revised. A committee draft was to be circulated by the end of June.
ISO/DTR 14999 "Optics and photonics ­ Interferometric measurement of optical elements and
optical systems"
Part 1: Definitions and fundamental relationships
Editorial changes were discussed and will be integrated. A New footnote (Annex 1) will be
integrated. This document will be published then as a Technical Report.
Part 2: Measurement and evaluation techniques
Editorial changes were discussed and will be integrated. Japan supplied new images of Zernike
polynomials for replacement (Annex 2). Mr. Bray, the convener, agreed to supply a reduced
version of Annex A for replacement. . This document will be published then as a Technical
Report.
Part 3: Calibration and validation of interferometric test equipment and measurement
Editorial changes were discussed and will be integrated. This document will be published then as a
Technical Report.
The US position concerning these documents is that their existence is not important because they
contain much information that can readily be found in textbooks. They were written in German
phrased English and do not have a uniform style. The committee agreed that the documents need
more work, but they never would be released if we were to wait until they were reedited. These
documents were later adopted. The US has volunteered to provide experts to who can tackle the
job of reediting them.
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ISO/CD 14999-4 "Optics and photonics ­ Interferometric measurement of optical elements and
optical systems ­ Part 4: Application to the evaluation of tolerances specified in ISO 10110"
Mr. Bray agreed to prepare a sample version of future 10110-5 and 10110-14 by the middle of June, and a
modified version of 14999-4 by the end of August. These modifications will restrict the measurement to
wavefronts and explain the relation between surface and measured wavefront. The duplications will also
be eliminated. The goal was to circulate the CD as a DIS by the end of October.
Preliminary Work Item 14999-5 "Optics and photonics ­ Interferometric measurement of optical
elements and optical systems ­ Part 5: Measurement procedures" was being developed by Keith
Birch from the United Kingdom. The committee agreed to allow members to send comments to Mr. Birch
until the end of June. He would then integrate pertinent suggestions into the draft. A new work item
proposal would then be circulated by the end of August.
The committee agreed to next meet in Weimar, Germany, from May 25 through 27, 2005.
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ISO TC 172/SC3 US TAG 2004 Activity

The SC3/WG2 Convener (Mr. Boultbee, US) incorporated the Secretariat's observations (which
he wrote) from the comments received on ISO/CD 9211-4 on Optical coatings, Specific test
methods, into the document, and the DIS was distributed for voting at the end of July 2004. The
US has voted in favor of the DIS, with some additional editorial comments to fix a typographical
error and to improve clarity.
ISO 9211-1, -2 and -3 were distributed for systematic review. The US voted to confirm them,
with the editorial comment that the footnote in -1 and -3 pertaining to "to be published"
referenced documents probably needed to be updated.
ISO 12844 Raw optical glass, Grindability with diamond pellets-Test method and classification,
was distributed for systematic review. The US voted to confirm it.

The Result of DIS vote on ISO 12123: 1996/DAmd 1, dated 15 July 2004 from AFNOR states
that there was a unanimous vote for approval. Yet the ballot I submitted as US TAG SC3 leader
was a vote for disapproval. This discrepancy was just noticed while preparing this annual report.


GORDON BOULTBEE
US TAG SC3 Leader
SC3/WG2 Convener
10 January 2005
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2004 ANNUAL REPORT
I
SO /
TC 172 /
SC4
The W G5 (Night Vision Devices) meeting was held in June 2004 in Vienna, Austria
to revise three ISO standards drafts: 14132-5, 21094 and 14490-8. The United States
was represented with two delegates, Dr. Chung-Chieh Cheng and Mr. Morris Bierig.
The full report of the meeting (sc4wg5n26.pdf) is available on the website of
OEOSC.
Summary of the report:
1) ISO 14132-5: Optics and photonics -- Vocabulary for telescopic systems --
Part 5: Terms for night vision devices
* Revise definitions of terms such as detection range and spectral sensitivity, etc.
* Delete redundant terms such as dark luminous exitance, etc.
* Another Committee Draft (CD) will be issued before DIS.
2) ISO 21094: Optics and photonics --Telescopic systems -- Specifications for
night vision devices
* Revise specifications of tolerances.
* Determine required and recommended consumer information for night vision
devices.
* Unresolved issues will be discussed in the next meeting.
3) ISO 14490-8: Optics and photonics -- Test methods for telescopic system --
Part 8: Test methods for night vision devices (NW IP)
* Determine the final list of test methods.
* Discuss several test methods in detail.
* Assign people responsible for the next draft.
The next meeting of W G5 in conj
unction with the 9th Plenary Meeting of SC 4 is
scheduled in April or May 2005 in Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation. Attendance
and participation from US delegates are planned.
Prepared by
Chung-Chieh Cheng
Research and Development
Leupold & Stevens, Inc.
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ISO/TC 172/SC 5, Microscopes and Endoscopes Activity for 2004
Report not available
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ISO/TC 172/SC 6 Optics and Optical Instruments/Geodetic and Surveying
Instruments Highlights for 2004

11th Annual Meeting of was held at the National Institute of Standards and
Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, MD (USA) - 2004-09-27/29
This was the first time that the SC has met in the United States and was fittingly
held at NIST. The SC asked that Dr. W. Tyler Estler of NIST present a seminar
on the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement with the view towards initiating
a revision of (or addition to) these International Standards.
Chairman of ISO/TC 172/SC 6, Mr. Karl Zeiske, who has chaired this committee
for more than 10 years, decided not to run for re-election. Therefore, the
subcommittee nominated Mr. René Scherrer of Leica Geosystems Ltd.,
Heerbrugg (Switzerland) as chairman of ISO/TC 172/SC 6 for a 6 years term,
starting 2005-01-01 ending 2010-12-31 and request its Secretariat to initiate the
confirmation of this appointment by the parent committee ISO/TC 172.
The subcommittee Secretary Peter Scheibli has also decided to resign and his
replacement is Mr. Nils Tonascia. Of the Swedish Institute of Standards.
The SC thanked NIST, the host of this meeting, for the hospitality and for
providing an excellent infrastructure for the meeting and in particular Mr. Charles
J. Fronczek Jr. for his helpfulness in the preparation of and during the meeting.
Of note at the meeting:

The SC discussed a proposal for a new committee draft on GPS Kinematic
Surveying having rejected the previous draft.

A second attempt by Germany to bring forth a committee draft on Measuring
Tapes was defeated.

ISO/DIS 17123-5.3 Optics and optical instruments­ Field procedures for testing
geodetic and surveying instruments -Part 5: Electronic Tacheometers. (Revision
of ISO 8322-1:1989) was sent out for a new vote.
For 2004, the following DISs were voted on and approved as new
International Standards:

ISO/DIS 12858-3 Optics and optical instruments­ Ancillary devices for geodetic
instruments - Part 3: Tribrachs - 2004-06-07

ISO/DIS 17123-7 Optics and optical instruments­ Field procedures for testing
geodetic and surveying instruments -Part 7: Optical plumbing instruments 2004-
06-17

Charles Fronczek
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January 2, 2005


ISO/TC 172/SC 7 Ophthalmic Optics


Annual Report for 2004

Prepared by
Charles Campbell, SC7 US Delegation Leader
In 2004 subcommittee SC7 held plenary and working group meetings on October 4
through October 8 in Paris, France. WG1 - Terminology did not meet due to lack of
work. All the other working groups held successful meetings and the plenary sessions
took place without incident. The new chairman of SC7, Dr. Herbert Krug from
Germany, chaired the plenary meetings.

One procedural matter was clarified at the Paris meeting. The United Kingdom had
proposed that working group conveners should elected by either the experts on the
working group or by the member bodies, such as ANSI in the United States. The United
States did not support this point of view as we felt that the current system, in place since
1981, was working well. We thought it is better for the Sub Committee chairman to
appoint, after consultation, a person that had the personal characteristics suited to this
position thus finding a person that could do the job well and avoiding the introduction of
politics into the working of the standardization effort as any election process would.
Our view prevailed and the following procedure will be followed for the selection of
working group conveners.

Section of new conveners for working groups in ISO/TC172/SC7

If a convener wishes to resign the position for any reason, the chairman shall be notified
6 months in advance.

To change a specific convener in any other way, 2/3 of the P member bodies represented
in the working group that the convener leads must petition the Central Secretariat in
writing.

In either of the above cases, the sub committee chairman will then nominate a new
convener and circulate this name to the member bodies. If no objections to the
nomination are received within 3 months, the new convener is selected. If objections are
raised the chairman may re-consult.
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In addition to the promulgation of the above procedure, the roles of project group leaders
and conveners clarified.

Roles and duties of working group conveners and project group leaders
It is the duty of the project group leader to put together and submit working drafts (WD)
and committee drafts (CD) for voting stages in consultation with the convener. If the
convener makes changes to documents prior to voting without project group consultation,
the convener must give the project group leader and the secretariat a written reason for
the change. Project groups will be disbanded following the DIS stage with the project
group leader still available for consultation.

The secretariat has initiated a program to survey the use of standards created by the
committee in the various countries. Surveys on spectacle frames and spectacle lenses
were initiated this year and have been completed. The results as of the end of the year
are not known.

The next meeting of SC7 is scheduled to be held in Switzerland on April 24 to 28, 2006.


During the course of the year the work of the various working groups, as represented by
the documents prepared and voted on, was as follows;

NWIP (new work item proposals) - 3
WG3 ­ 1
WG6 ­ 1
WG7 ­ 1

CD (committee drafts) - 15
WG3 agree - 3
WG6 agree ­ 6/1 with comment
WG7 agree with comment ­ 3, disagree ­2
WG8 agree - 1

DIS (draft international standard) ­ 9
WG3 agree - 1
WG6 agree ­3/1 with comment
WG7 agree with comment -1
WG9 agree ­ 4

FDIS (final draft international standard) ­ 2
WG2 disagree - 1
WG9 agree ­ 1

Systematic 5-year review ­ 11
WG2 ­ 2
WG6 ­ 3
WG7 - 2
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WG8 - 1
WG9 ­ 3

It can be seen that the work of SC7 in 2004 is similar to that in 2003. Most of the items
that need standardization have been addressed and a good deal of the work now consists
in revision of existing standards. This is reflected in the number of standards that came
up for 5-year periodic review. This is only reasonable for a subcommittee that has been
in active existence for over 20 years.

WG7 ­ Implants has been revising various sections of the Intraocular Standard and have
held a number of special meetings through out the year to do this.

WG9 ­ Contact Lenses has essentially completed the process of consolidating various
standards relating to contact lenses created over a period of over 10 years into a single
comprehensive standard.

It will be noted that although there were there were several formal meetings held by
working groups WG7 and WG9 in 2004 in addition to the plenary in Paris. Other work
continued to flow at a goodly rate through the various working groups by
correspondence.


During 2004, 4 new International Standards originating in SC7 were published. They
came from the following working groups. These standards were revisions of existing
standards and replaced them.

WG2 - 1
WG3 - 2
WG9 - 1

During 2004, 1 new International Technical specification originating in SC9 was
published.




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December 31, 2004


ISO/TC 172/SC 9 Electro-Optical Systems (Including Lasers)


Annual Report for 2004

Prepared by
Robert Faaland, SC 9 US Delegation Leader



The ISO Electro-Optical Systems (including lasers) Subcommittee (ISO/TC 172/SC 9)
held its annual meeting in Pforzheim, Germany on June 16-18, 2004. The meeting was
hosted by the Deutsches Institut für Normung e. V. (DIN). The following US members
were in attendance: R. Faaland (US Delegation Leader), B. Hitz (Chairman ISO/TC
172/SC 9), T. Lieb (IEC TC 76 liaison), J. Sommers, J. Arenberg, and A. Davies.

An outcome of the Milan (2002) meeting was that an agreement had finally been reached
between ISO/TC 172/SC 9 and IEC/SC 47E on how laser diode standards would be
handled between ISO and IEC. This had been the result of work during many past annual
meetings of the Joint Working Group (JWG) formed by members of the ISO and IEC
subcommittees. At the Tokyo (2003) meeting, decisions were made relevant to changes
which need to be incorporated into ISO and IEC documents. Work continued at the
Pforzheim meeting. These suggested changes, and present status, are:
1. ISO 11145 will include definitions related to misalignment and astigmatic
difference in its amendment version. [The DIS manuscript for the amendment of
ISO 11145 has been circulated, with voting to terminate on March 7, 2005.]
2. ISO 11146-1 will include astigmatic equation. [The FDIS manuscript has been
circulated, with voting having terminated on September 1, 2004. Publication in
progress.]
3. ISO 11554 will include definition and measurement method for the fall time in its
amendment version. [The DIS manuscript for revision of ISO 11554 has been
circulated, with voting to terminate on April 4, 2005.]
4. IEC 60747-5 will include definition and measurement method for the half-
intensity angle in the CDV draft. Also, tables of the item of terminologies and
easement methods which have been described in the relevant ISO documents will
be inserted in the appropriate part of IEC document. [Status of this IEC document
is not known.]
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The following SC 9 developed standards were published in 2004:
1. ISO TR 11146-3:2004 ­ Lasers and laser-related equipment ­ Test methods for
laser beam widths, divergence angles and beam propagation ratios ­ Part 3:
Intrinsic and geometrical laser beam classification, propagation and details of
test methods (Revision of ISO 11146:1999) [published February 1, 2004]
2. ISO 11252:2004, Laser device ­ Minimum requirements for documentation
(Revision of ISO 11252:1993) [published November 15, 2004]
3. ISO 11670:2003/Technical Corrigendum 1:2004 ­ Lasers and laser-related
equipment ­ Test methods for laser beam parameters ­ Beam positional stability
(Revision of ISO 11670:1999) [published May 15, 2004]
4. ISO 13695:2004 ­ Optics and photonics ­ Lasers and laser-related equipment ­
Test methods for the spectral characteristics of lasers [published June 1, 2004]
5. ISO 15902:2004 ­ Optics and optical instruments ­ Diffractive optics -
Vocabulary [published April 1, 2004]


The following SC 9 developed standard was withdrawn in 2004:
1. ISO 11253:1993 ­ Laser device ­ Mechanical interfaces [Result of Systematic
Review circulated in 2003.]


The following New Work Item Proposals were circulated in SC 9:
1. Item 11145, Lasers and laser-related equipment ­ Vocabulary and symbols: a
NWI proposal for an amendment was circulated and was approved. A manuscript
containing the clauses to be amended has been circulated to SC 9 members for
voting. (Voting on the manuscript terminates on March 7, 2005.)
2. Item 11254-3, Determination of laser-induced damage threshold of optical
surfaces ­ Part 3: Assurance of laser power (energy) handling capabilities: a
NWI proposal to re-instate this item to the program of work was circulated and
requested confirmation of the circulated manuscript at the DIS stage (Voting,
which terminated on October 28, 2004, approved the NWI proposal and approved
the manuscript at the DIS stage.)
3. Item 11554, Test methods for laser beam power, energy and temporal
characteristics: a NWI proposal for an amendment was circulated and was
approved. However, a decision was made to publish a 3
rd
edition of ISO 11554
rather than an amendment. A DIS manuscript has been submitted to SC 9
members for voting and comment. (Voting on the manuscript terminates on April
4, 2005.)


The following list summarizes the status of documents being developed by SC 9:
1. ISO 11145:2001/DAmd 1, Lasers and laser-related equipment ­ Vocabulary and
symbols ­ Amendment 1: Voting on the manuscript terminates on March 7, 2005.
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2. ISO FDIS 11146-1, Test methods for laser beam widths, divergence angles and
beam propagation ratios ­ Part 1: Stigmatic and simple astigmatic beams:
Voting on the FDIS manuscript terminated on September 1, 2004. Result of
Voting is not yet available.
3. ISO FDIS 11146-2, Test methods for laser beam widths, divergence angles and
beam propagation ratios ­ Part 2: General astigmatic beams: Voting on the
FDIS manuscript terminated on December 28, 2004. Result of Voting is not yet
available.
4. ISO DIS 11254-3, Determination of laser-induced damage threshold of optical
surfaces ­ Part 3: Assurance of laser power (energy) handling capabilities:
Voting on the NWI proposal to re-instate this item to the program of work, at the
DIS stage, which terminated on October 28, 2004, approved the NWI proposal
and approved the manuscript at the DIS stage.
5. ISO FDIS 11553-1, Safety of machinery ­ Laser processing machines ­ Part 1:
General safety requirements (Revision of ISO 11553:1996): Voting on the FDIS
manuscript terminated on November 23, 2004. Result of Voting is not yet
available. (FDIS circulation had been delayed due to concerns of CEN Machinery
Consultant and CEN Noise Consultant. Issues were discussed and resolved at the
June 2004 Pforzheim meeting.)
6. ISO DIS 11553-2, Safety of machinery ­ Laser processing machines ­ Part 2:
Safety requirements for hand-held laser processing devices: Voting on the DIS
manuscript terminates on March 7, 2005. (Voting on the CD manuscript, which
terminated on September 17, 2003, had approved the issuance of a DIS.
Comments received on the CD were addressed during the September/October
2003 meeting of IEC/TC 76/JWG 10, held in Rockville, Maryland. Concerns of
CEN Machinery Consultant and CEN Noise Consultant were discussed and
resolved at the June 2004 Pforzheim meeting.)
7. ISO DIS 11554, Lasers and laser-related equipment ­ Test methods for laser
beam power, energy and temporal characteristics (Revision of second edition
(ISO 11554:2003)): Voting on the DIS manuscript terminates on April 4, 2005.
8. ISO FDIS 11810-1, Test method and classification for the laser resistance of
surgical drapes and/or patient protective covers ­ Part 1: Primary ignition and
penetration: Voting on the FDIS manuscript terminates on January 4, 2005.
9. ISO CD 11810-2.2, Test method and classification for the laser resistance of
surgical drapes and/or patient protective covers ­ Part 2: Secondary ignition:
Voting on the 2
nd
CD manuscript which terminated on October 25, 2003 approved
the issuance of a DIS. However, critical comments were received which had to be
resolved at the June 2004 Pforzheim meeting, prior to the issuance of the DIS.
The WG decided that the revised manuscript will be circulated as a 3
rd
CD. The
3
rd
CD manuscript has not yet been circulated.
10. ISO DIS 13697, Test methods for specular reflectance and transmittance of
optical laser components: Voting on the DIS manuscript terminates on March 21,
2005.
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11. ISO DIS 14880-2, Microlens array ­ Part 2: Test methods for wavefront
aberration: Voting on the DIS manuscript terminated on November 15, 2004.
Result of Voting is not yet available.
12. ISO CD 14880-3, Microlens arrays ­ Part 3: Test methods for optical properties
other than wavefront aberrations: Voting on the CD manuscript which
terminated on May 16, 2004 approved the issuance of a DIS. However, the DIS
manuscript has not yet been circulated.
13. ISO CD 14880-4, Microlens arrays ­ Part 4: Test methods for non-optical
properties: Voting on the CD manuscript which terminated on May 16, 2004
approved the issuance of a DIS. However, the DIS manuscript has not yet been
circulated.
14. ISO FDIS 15367-2, Test method for determination of the shape of a laser beam
wavefront ­ Part 2: Hartmann-Shack sensors: Voting on the FDIS manuscript
terminates on January 18, 2005.
15. ISO PDTR 22588, Optics and optical instruments ­ Lasers and laser-related
equipment ­ Measurement and evaluation of strain and distortion in optical
components in a laser beam: Voting on the PDTR manuscript, which terminated
on November 6, 2004, approved the publication of a Technical Report (Technical
Report will be published in English only).
16. ISO CD 24013, Optics and optical instruments ­ Lasers and laser-related
equipment ­ Measurement of the optical phase shift of optical components:
Voting on the CD which terminated on April 16, 2004 approved the issuance of a
DIS. However, the DIS manuscript has not yet been circulated.


The following document-related resolutions were made at the Pforzheim meeting:
1. Item 11145, Lasers and laser-related equipment ­ Vocabulary and symbols: an
amendment to ISO 11145:2001 will be published. The DIS manuscript is to be
submitted to SC 9 members for voting and comment.
2. Item 11254-3, Lasers and laser-related equipment ­ Determination of laser-
induced damage threshold of optical surfaces ­ Part 3: Assurance of laser power
(energy) handling capabilities: a New Work Item Proposal to reinstate this
deleted work item to the program of work is to be circulated to SC 9 members. A
DIS manuscript is to be circulated with the NWIP for voting and comment.
3. Item 11553-2, Safety of machinery ­ Laser processing machines ­ Part 2: Safety
requirements for hand-held laser processing devices: a DIS manuscript is to be
circulated to SC 9 members for voting and comment.
4. Item 11554, Test methods for laser beam power, energy and temporal
characteristics: decision was made to publish a 3
rd
edition of ISO 11554 rather
than an amendment. A DIS manuscript is to be submitted to SC 9 members for
voting and comment.
5. Item 13697, Optics and optical instruments ­ Lasers and laser-related equipment
­ Test methods for specular reflectance and transmittance of optical laser
components: a DIS manuscript is to be submitted to SC 9 members for voting and
comment.
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6. Item 14880-3, Microlens arrays ­ Part 3: Test methods for optical properties
other than wavefront aberrations: a DIS manuscript is to be submitted to SC 9
members for voting and comment.
7. Item 14880-4, Microlens arrays ­ Part 4: Test methods for non-optical
properties: a DIS manuscript is to be submitted to SC 9 members for voting and
comment. The title is to be changed to Microlens arrays ­ Part 4: Test methods
for geometrical properties
8. Item 22588, Optics and optical instruments ­ Lasers and laser-related equipment
­ Measurement and evaluation of strain and distortion in optical components in a
laser beam: a PDTR manuscript is to be circulated to SC 9 members for voting
and comment.


The next meeting of ISO/TC 172/SC 9 will be held in London, United Kingdom on June
20-22, 2005.